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Economics and Finance ADMISSIONS a.y. 2019-20

In this page you can find a brief introduction to CLEF Applications. The detailed Call for Applications to access the degree programme in 2019-20 is in the attachment box of this page. PLEASE READ IT CAREFULLY: it includes ALL the information you need to know to apply and it is available in Italian (Bando) and in English (Call). After having read it thoroughly, if you have further doubts you may refer to 


What's CLEF?
CLEF stands for Corso di Laurea in Economics and Finance; it is an international undergraduate degree course, entirely taught in English and open to Italian and international applicants. It lasts 3 years and leads to the title of Bachelor's (1st-cycle degree).

Where is it based?

You would be studying at the School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, of the University of Bologna which is the oldest University in the western world (est. 1088 a.C.).

Am I eligible to apply?
Yes if you have an Italian Diploma di Maturità. Have you got a non-Italian secondary school certificate? If so, check if it complies with these requirements to understand if you are eligible to apply.

How many places are available?
CLEF is a restricted-access programme: this means that eligible students will have to be selected to take part. For 2019-20 academic year we will admit 120 students in total.

What are the application modes?
You can decide to be selected through one of the following modes:

EU and EU-assimilated citizens

NON-EU citizens 

 One of the following:

  • SAT general Test
  • TOLC-E + English language certificate B2
  • TOLC- I + English langauage certificate B2
  • SAT General Test

All tests must be taken (and, in case of TOLC, language certificates obtained) starting from 1st February 2017.

Am I a EU, EU-assimilated or not EU citizen?
To find out exactly what that means, and therefore how to apply, check out your status here.

What are the language requirements?
The minimum level of English required to be a CLEF student is B2 (from the CEFR scale.): if you are a EU or EU-assimilated citizen applying via one of the TOLC tests, you must also provide us with an official B2 English language certificate (among those that will be listed in the Call for Applications). If you apply via SAT (for EU, EU-assimilated and non-EU) providing a language certificate is possible but not necessary, an you will only be assessed on the basis of your SAT score. The list of language certificates we can accept will be available soon in the Call for Apllications.

Admission tests and CLEF application

Some Information about SAT:

  • SAT - standing for "Scholastic Assessment Test" - is a test in English, and is managed by CollegeBoard. 
  • We accept SAT General Test, without Essay. If you did a SAT with Essay, we will not assess or consider the Essay part of the test
  • You can take the test in different locations all over the world. Check what's the nearest to you from this page. Also check the list of SAT dates in the US and in the rest of the worldThe University of Bologna is a SAT centre and will host a SAT date on 4th May 2019 (other towns may host more sessions in different dates).
  • Each test date and venue has limited capacity. Make sure you register at your earliest convenience to be included as a test taker at you prefered location. 
  • For ALL information about this test (its structure, registraion, how to prepare, etc.) you need to refer exclusively to the College Board website, not to the University of Bologna.
  • After taking the test, it is mandatory that you ask College Board to forward your SAT scores to the University of Bologna, using code 6993.

Some information about TOLC tests:

TOLC-E and TOLC-I are tests in Italian. TOLC tests do include some questions in English which, however, will NOT be considered for the purpose of language assessment. For information and dates of TOLC tests, please refer to the Cisia website

How and when do I apply?

After taking the SAT or one of the TOLC tests, you will also need to apply to the selection for CLEF by registering on the Studenti online website: access the "Entrance exams or requirements check" section, select the degree course of your interest and pay the admission fee (€20). All the procedure is explained in detail in the Call for Applications, available in the attachment box.

There is no minimum threshold to meet in the SAT/TOLC tests. However, please read the information related to the OFA (Additional Learning Requirements).